What Is the BRRRR Method_ Right here’s What Actual Property Traders Want To Know

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Single-family rental properties are nonetheless in brief provide, creating a chance for traders to fill a essential want whereas creating wealth. Regardless of headlines specializing in massive, company landlords, the overwhelming majority of rental properties are owned by people. A technique these mom-and-pop landlords construct their enterprise is thru a method known as BRRRR.

See: 3 Issues You Should Do When Your Financial savings Attain $50,000

What Is the BRRRR Technique?

BRRRR stands for purchase, rehab, lease, refinance, repeat. The technique is just like flipping homes in that you simply buy a fixer-upper listed for lower than its after-repair worth, after which enhance its worth — and your fairness — by fixing it up. However as an alternative of promoting the house like a flipper would, you lease it out to generate money circulate and set up a rental historical past. Later, you leverage the fairness by doing a cash-out refinance and utilizing the money to buy one other home. Repeating that course of leads to a portfolio of rental properties that generate passive revenue and supply capital for additional enlargement of the portfolio.

How Does the BRRRR Technique Work?

The BRRRR technique has 5 steps you repeat time and again.


The primary and most necessary step is to purchase a house. The property needs to be positioned in a robust rental market, and it should be priced beneath market worth — in any other case, it may very well be years earlier than you’ve got sufficient fairness to refinance it.

Distressed properties like foreclosures and brief gross sales are good candidates for a BRRRR property, as are properties listed as is by homeowners who can’t or don’t wish to put money into rehabbing their house themselves. Nonetheless, figuring out viable BRRRR properties requires cautious evaluation of the rental market, the funding wanted to purchase and rehab the house and the house’s after-repair worth. Ideally, it is going to be in first rate form aside from beauty points you possibly can knock out shortly, for comparatively low value.

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One strategy to consider a property’s suitability by way of lease quantity is the 1% rule. The rule says that lease ought to equal 1% of the quantity you’ve got invested within the house — in different phrases, your purpose can be a 1% capitalization price, or price of return in your complete funding, not together with financing prices. rents of comparable properties in the identical neighborhood will assist you decide whether or not a 1% cap price is real looking.

One other strategy to consider funding properties is the 70% rule, which says that you must make investments not more than 70% of a house’s after-repair worth within the buy and rehab. Whereas property flippers use it to make sure that they’ll revenue from the sale, BRRRR traders use it to make sure they’ll have sufficient fairness to refinance the house once they’re able to make the following buy.


The rehab wants so as to add worth to the house, so it’s necessary to not overcapitalize, or spend disproportionately to the after-repair worth. The house wants to face as much as probably exhausting use by tenants, and the plumbing, electrical and HVAC techniques should be in good restore. Nonetheless, unnecessarily intensive renovations will produce a poor return in your funding. For instance, an upscale rest room transform prices practically $78,000, on common, and returns simply 36.7% of that funding in added worth, in keeping with Transforming journal’s 2023 Value vs. Worth report. A midrange transform shaves over $54,000 off the associated fee and will increase the ROI to 66.7%. Few, if any, transforming jobs aside from portray return 100%.

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Subsequent, resolve how a lot lease to cost. Some traders merely use the 1% rule to set it. Nonetheless, this has a critical disadvantage. Market worth is set by how a lot comparable properties in the identical space lease for, not how a lot you spent or have to cost to generate optimistic money circulate.

Whereas there could be some wiggle room in an particularly aggressive rental market, it’s finest to set the lease at market worth. Even one month’s emptiness as a result of overpricing can value greater than you stand to achieve with the next lease.

Different concerns embody tenant screening and property administration. Ensure you perceive your state’s legal guidelines relating to tenant screening so that you don’t inadvertently discriminate in opposition to potential tenants or use their credit score data improperly. As for administration, dealing with safety deposits, lease assortment and repairs your self saves cash, however you possibly can rent an expert property supervisor to do it for you.


Assuming you utilize a standard cash-out refinance mortgage to purchase the following home, how lengthy earlier than you possibly can refinance is dependent upon two components: the house’s worth and the way lengthy you’ve owned it. In the event you don’t personal it free and clear, the age of the present mortgage additionally issues.

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You are able to do a cash-out refinance after six months so long as you didn’t finance the acquisition. In any other case, the minimal wait is 12 months. Lenders sometimes permit you to borrow 80% of the house’s worth.

Lenders take into account rental revenue when qualifying debtors for a cash-out refinance. The lease might present adequate documentation, however the lender would possibly require a tax return displaying how a lot you earned.

Different {qualifications} embody:

Credit score rating of at the very least 620

Most debt-to-income ratio of 36%

Money reserves equal to 2 mortgage funds


The BRRRR cycle repeats after you money out the fairness with a refinance mortgage on the present property. Begin from scratch with a brand new property, taking into consideration all of the methods market situations would possibly’ve modified since your earlier buy.

Does BRRRR Work?

In concept, BRRRR can work, and it would’ve labored fairly effectively when purchaser demand was decrease and rates of interest had been dropping. That’s to not say it gained’t nonetheless work if carried out appropriately. Nonetheless, BRRRR includes a whole lot of danger. For instance:

It requires a major upfront funding, whether or not you utilize financial savings or fairness in your major house to buy and rehab the primary property. That’s cash you gained’t have obtainable for different investments or to pay down debt, and earnings aren’t assured.

The actual property gross sales market is displaying indicators of softening. In case your BRRRR property loses worth over the approaching six months or 12 months, you won’t have sufficient fairness to refinance it.

You pay disproportionately excessive curiosity on refi loans as a result of, like with all new mortgage loans, most of your funds go towards curiosity within the early years. You’ll additionally pay closing prices.

It takes a very long time to revenue from the low cap charges many BRRRR traders favor. Within the meantime, you need to hope the property is appreciating in worth — a dangerous wager in a declining market.

Rental revenue is passive, nevertheless it nonetheless requires work in addition to ongoing prices like repairs, upkeep and vacancies.

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Is the BRRRR Technique Value It?

BRRRR may very well be value it in the event you’re totally funding your retirement accounts, have little or no private debt and have to diversify your portfolio. If that is your first time investing in actual property, give your self the most effective probability for fulfillment by assembling a workforce of pros — actual property agent, mortgage rep and licensed common contractor — who can advise you on property choice and the rehab and assist you keep away from costly errors.